With a population of nearly 50 million people, building a strong health care system is a necessary and important goal in Tanzania.

URC’s work in Tanzania began with the Primary Health Care Operations Research Project in 1981, undertaking research to guide the country in strengthening their primary health care services. URC remained committed to improving Tanzania’s health care system through major initiatives such as the Quality Assurance Project (QAP), which provided technical assistance and conducted operations research on health care quality improvement. QAP helped to raise awareness in countries and internationally that quality improvement is an essential component of health system strengthening.

Of equal importance was the USAID Health Care Improvement Project (HCI), which managed a national quality improvement program for antiretroviral therapy, pediatric AIDS care, the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, and care for the country’s most vulnerable children. URC went on to lead other projects funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Thrasher Foundation and the National Institutes for Health. Recent additions to URC’s project portfolio include the USAID-funded Applying Science to Strengthen and Improve Systems (ASSIST) Project as well as TASC 4 Africa. Our work also builds on the efforts on the Tanzania Ministry of Health and Social Welfare to address the high under five morbidity and mortality rate in the Lake Zone of Tanzania.