Bangladesh, which is one of the poorest countries in the world, has made remarkable gains in health and health equity over the past 40 years. The country has been especially successful in improving the health and development of poor women. URC began working in Bangladesh in 1981 when our non-profit affiliate, the Center for Human Services, undertook multi-country research to guide developing countries in strengthening their primary health care services. URC went on to implement several more public health initiatives in Bangladesh, including the Asia Family Planning Operations Research Project and the Quality Assurance Project (QAP). Through subsequent projects, such as the Quality Monitoring and Supervision Systems program and the Non-governmental Organization Service Delivery Program, URC has supported the institutionalization of quality improvement concepts and methods. In recent years, URC’s work in Bangladesh has expanded to include tuberculosis (TB CARE II) and maternal, newborn, and child health (TRAction).