Status and Trends in Chronic Malnutrition in Guatemala

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Malnutrition in Guatemala is evidenced by linear growth or height retardation in preschool and school children and adults, iron-deficiency anemia in both reproductive-age women and children and overweight and obesity in women of reproductive age, as found in numerous health and nutrition surveys conducted over the past fifty years.  National averages, however, hide the contrasts found between the metropolitan region, which exhibits the best indicators and more favorable trends, and departments and municipalities with the highest percentage of the indigenous populations where malnutrition prevalence is higher and improvements have been slight.  This report examines trends at both the departmental and municipal levels in the prevalence of height retardation in preschool and school children and variables related to: access and use of health services (use of family planning methods, attendance to prenatal care, qualified childbirth and postpartum care, and infant mortality rate); households living in poverty and extreme poverty; possession of and access to goods and services in homes and basic sanitation; agricultural work, regardless of land ownership; density of micro farms; level of parental education; indigenous population; and size of the family and dependency ratio.  The report is available in English and Spanish at the same link below.

Publication Date 
October 2010
Resource Type 
Project Reports
Regions/ Countries